Conditions We Treat - Hip

Hip Bursitis

What is Hip Bursitis?

Hip bursitis is a condition that develops when the bursae, which are small sacs of fluid within the joints, are inflamed and prevented from reducing friction. The bursa within the hip are found around the femur. When the bursae in the hip joints are inflamed, movements become painful and rigid.

What causes Hip Bursitis?

Causes of Hip Bursitis:

  • Continued use or stress of the hip
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Gout
  • Hip injuries
  • Diabetes
  • Spinal problems such as scoliosis 
  • Bacterial infections 
  • Uneven lengths of the leg
  • Bone spurs

What does Hip Bursitis feel like?

  • Symptoms of Hip Bursitis:

    • Sides of the hip are swollen and causing pain 
    • Pain in knees and outer thighs
    • Pain when climbing stairs, sitting-cross legged or when standing for extended periods of time

How can Hip Bursitis be managed?

  • Treatments for Hip Bursitis:

    • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
    • Bursa drainage
    • Antibiotics
    • Motion exercises that help strengthen and stretch hip muscles 
    • Manual therapy to promote lymphatic flow and muscle relaxation

Hip Labrum Tear

What are Hip Labrum tears?

Labrum tears can occur when the Acetabular (or hip labrum) is torn from the attachment or is injured. Labrums are needed to keep the hip socket stable and deep. If the labrum is torn, it may create severe pain and irritation. A torn labrum also compromises the movement of the joint, leading to instability with basic movements and an increased risk of further injury.

What causes Hip Labrum Tears?

Causes of Hip Labrum Tears:

  • Trauma from accidents 
  • Structural abnormalities 
  • Repetitive motions from sports

What do Hip Labrum Tears feel like?

Symptoms of Hip Labrum Tears:

  • Severe buttock, groin, or lateral hip region pain
  • Leg creaking, clicking, or catching sounds when the hip is moved
  • Hips locking up during movement

How can Hip Labrum Tears be managed?

Treatments for Hip Labrum Tears:

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Physical therapy
  • Motion exercises
  • Rehabilitation exercises 
  • Massage therapy

Hip Pain and Arthritis

What is Hip Pain and Arthritis?

    Generalised hip pain may be developed through the wear and tear of bones or joint degeneration as we age. This occurs when the articular cartilage and outer layer begin wearing out. Hip pain can also be caused by arthritis or repetitive injuries placed on the joints.The severity of arthritic hip pain depends on the fitness level, weight, and perception of pain

What does Hip Pain and Arthritis feel like?

  • Symptoms of hip pain and arthritis:

    • Hip joint tenderness or pain
    • Sharp pain in the groin and the thighs
    • Stiffness of hips
    • Difficult mobility of the hip joint
    • Swelling in the hip joint
    • Weakness of hip muscles making it difficult to sit and stand

How can Hip Pain and Arthritis be managed?

Treatments for hip pain and arthritis:

  • Low-impact exercises
  • Hydrotherapy
  • Acupuncture
  • Supplements
  • Massage Therapy
  • Hip resurfacing
  • Physiotherapy


Hip Replacement

What is a Hip Replacement?

A hip replacement is a treatment that involves switching a damaged hip joint with a prosthetic one that can operate as a healthy hip joint. Hip replacement is conducted after all other treatments have been utilized to treat the hip pain and the designated joint has failed in performing its function. 

What causes the need for a Hip Replacement?

Common conditions that can lead to a Hip Replacement:

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Hip Osteoarthritis
  • Post Traumatic Arthritis
  • Childhood Hip Disease
  • Avascular Necrosis

When should a Hip Replacement be performed?

Common conditions when a Hip Replacement is recommended

  • The presence of a significant injury in an MRI or X-ray scan
  • Hip pain that impacts daily activities such as walking, sitting and standing
  • Repeated hip pain during periods of rest
  • Hip stiffness that limits the mobility of the legs
  • Insufficient pain relief after various therapies


IT Band Syndrome

What is Iliotibial Band Inflammation Syndrome?

IT band syndrome is when the knee and hip muscles are overused or worn out. It is most often seen in athletes. Unhealthy training habits and weak muscles may lead to IT band syndrome. In addition, this condition may occur in individuals who have a genetic predisposition for IT Band syndrome.

What causes IT Band Syndrome?

  • Causes of IT Band Syndrome:

    • Overuse of muscles
    • Bad training habits (overstretching, understretching)
    • Inflexible or weak muscles
    • Individuals may be naturally prone to the syndrome due to leg length, pelvic tilts, or form of their thigh bone

What does IT Band Syndrome feel like?

Symptoms of IT Band Syndrome:

  • Lateral area of the knee in pain
  • Stinging and pain around the outer thigh
  • Popping sounds in the knee
  • Swelling below the knee

How can IT Band Syndrome be managed?

Treatments for IT Band Syndrome:

  • Physiotherapy
  • Soft tissue release techniques (ex. cupping)
  • Stretching
  • Myofascial release
  • Taping
  • Pain relieving medications
  • Rest
  • Massage therapy
  • Naturopathy
  • Acupuncture